Case Author(s): Eric Hutchins, M.D. and Keith Fischer, M.D. , 08/09/05 . Rating: #D2, #Q3

Diagnosis: Bilateral Cortical Necrosis

Brief history:

2 day old oliguric boy whose delivery was complicated by placental abruption.


Posterior image 20 minutes after injection of radiopharmaceutical. You can also view the 20-minute acquisition as an AVI image.

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View second image(rs). Sample sequential 20 second posterior images from the initial 20 minutes of imaging.

Full history/Diagnosis is available below

Diagnosis: Bilateral Cortical Necrosis

Full history:

2 day old male with oliguria presents for evaluation of renal perfusion and function. His delivery was complicated by placental abruption. Renal scintigraphy was requested for further evaluation.


Tc-99m MAG3


No identifiable renal perfusion was demonstrated on the radionuclide angiogram or on sequential renal images extending to 20 minutes.


The etiologies of acute renal failure in a newborn are divided into prerenal, intrinsic renal, and obstructive catagories.

Cortical necrosis may be associated with hypoxic insults such as perinatal anoxia, placental abruption, twin-twin transfusion, or twin-maternal transfusion.

Absence of perfusion to the kidneys in a neonate could be due to cortical necrosis, bilateral renal vein thrombosis, or (less likely) bilateral renal artery thrombosis.


Andreoli SP, "Acute Renal Failure in the Newborn" Semin Perinatol. 2004 Apr;28(2):112-23.

Differential Diagnosis List

Cortical necrosis, renal artery thrombosis, renal vein thrombosis

ACR Codes and Keywords:

References and General Discussion of Renal Scintigraphy (Anatomic field:Genitourinary System, Category:Other generalized systemic disorder)

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Case number: rs035

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